Abu Serga Church is situated in Old Cairo; it is considered one of the oldest churches in Cairo. The church most probably dates back to the 5 century, although some historians believe that it was built in the 8th century.
It is believed to have been built where the holy family rested at the end of their Journey into Egypt for that on the 24th day of the Coptic month called Bachons, which corresponds to the first day of June in the western calendar, the Coptic Church commemorates the Holy Family’s flight into Egypt. A mass is still held on that day in this ancient church.
This church was built during the 5th century. It was burned during the fire of Fustat during the reign of Marwan II around 750. It was then restored during the 8th century and has been rebuilt and restored since medieval times.
According to a biblical narration by evangelist Matthew (Chapter 2), the Virgin Mary, Joseph and the baby Jesus fled from Palestine to Egypt out of fear of the persecution of the Jewish King Herod the Great. The Holy Family traveled as far as Assiut (“Deir el Muharraq”) and on their way back home spent some weeks in Old Cairo.
Abu Sarga is dedicated to the two Saints Sergius and Bacchus who served as soldiers in the Roman Army. They were faithful followers of the Lord Jesus and refused to worship the Roman gods. For their Christian belief, Sergius and Bacchus eventually suffered martyrdom in Syria in 296 during the reign of the Roman Emperor Maximinus. Their relics are partly kept in Abu Sarga and others are buried in Syria.